The future of the desktop is a tabletop

The PC isn't going away. It's turning into a coffee table. Or a pint-sized NUC.

One day, the future of Intel's desktop business will lie within something that looks like the Microsoft Surface. No, not the tablet--the older, tabletop version. Remember that?

In a world increasingly defined by mobile devices, one might think that Intel's desktop business would be the equivalent of Siberia. In fact, the opposite is true, according to Lisa Graff, the vice president of the PC Client Group and general manager of the Desktop Client Platforms Group.

Last quarter, Intel shipped a record number of its Core i5 and i7 chips, Graff said in an interview, with more unit sales going to businesses than consumers. There are still a large number of businesses, such as banks, that would rather lock down their data than risk its wandering away on a mobile device, she said.

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In fact, Intel sees its desktop business bifurcating: shrinking into smaller devices, such as the Next Unit of Computing (the NUC), where Intel's traditional desktop components are packed tightly within a chassis slightly smaller than a Rubik's Cube. Workstation and gaming PCs, however, will still demand a large, roomy chassis with abundant power and cooling. But when asked to describe the future of the desktop PC, Graff selected a more traditionally consumer-oriented device: the flat-screen TV.

When does a smart TV become a dumb PC?

In the past year, companies like Lenovo have begun shipping devices like the Flex 20, a touch-based all-in-one light enough to be toted around the house.A "You could call it just a giant Windows tablet, but I think that would sell it short," Graff said. "These portable all-in-ones combine the best of a large screen, and once they get light enough--and they can get down to about five pounds--you can carry a 20-inch screen around your house, if you want to."

Graff said that she keeps hers in the kitchen. "And because I can carry it around, like a TV, I use it like a TV," she said. "And that's what we're starting to see, whether they're portable or not. They're becoming a second TV. It suggests some interesting merging...I wonder how much difference you're going to see in the next few years between a smart TV--which becomes so smart that you can do a lot with it, like Netflix and Hulu, and it heads towards being a PC--and a PC which heads towards being a TV, and you get this sort of TV/PC thing."

(Traditional monitor makers also hope to move out of the living room, building in intelligence to create a "smart monitor.")

Over time, Graff said, the OEMs designing and building these portable all-in-ones willA incorporate an improved version of the Intel RealSense technology that Intel formally launched at CES. The goal? ToA help optimize them for one of the traditional roles of the desktop PC: gaming.

Graff said that the future AIOs will be able to flip on their edge, turning them into "tabletops" for gaming with up to four people. In this scenario, the touchscreen will have to become far more sensitive, able to support the fingers of all four players, not just a single user. A single microphone won't be enough either, Graff said: The hardware designer will have to embed at least four along the tablet's bezel to pick up the sounds of all the players. And the Kinect-like RealSense cameras that hardware makers will build into laptopsA will also have to be modified: They'd normally point straight ahead, so in tabletop mode they'd end up pointing at the ceiling.

And then there's the apps. At CES, Intel showed off an "interactive storybook," co-developed with Scholastic, mixing animated, virtual illustrations with the real world. Graff said Intel had invested heavily in multi-user, multitouch games and apps in 2013, and over 160 titles supporting that particular technology were in development.A

Of course, this all sounds very similar to Microsoft's Surface, the tabletop PC that Microsoft launched with great fanfareA in 2007, only to be renamed PixelSense when Microsoft added the Surface tablet in 2011. PixelSense, which was transferred to Samsung, flopped, and was finally discontinued in 2013, according to Wikipedia. Intel will have to spend some convincing customers that it won't happen again.

"You have to get used to the form factor," Graff said. "It's a paradigm shift to carry around from room to room a second TV. It's very different to think that you can lay it flat on a table and play games on it--all the games in your closet, without the missing pieces."

Intel: NUC is knocking at the door

Last week, Asus launched the latest iteration of its Chromebox, a Core i7-based box that will be used as part of Google's Chromebox for business initiative. (Hewlett-Packard later announced one, too.)A

Earlier Chromeboxes by Samsung, as well as the Intel NUC, helped usher in a new generation of ultra-compact computing that traded low power, low cost, and a compact footprint for more powerful graphics options. But with the addition of Intel's Iris Pro graphics to the "Haswell" generation of Core processors, Intel has begun to claim that the boxes can play at least some of the modern era of games. All that augurs well forA Intel's NUCA and competitors like the Gigabyte Brix mini PC.A

According to Intel's Graff, compact computers like the NUC will continue to be built on the Core chips, as well the "Bay Trail" low-power Atom chips that Intel launched last year.A

"It's gone from a non-existing category in 2012 to over a million units sold last year...andA I bet we see more than 50 percent growth this year," Graff said.

The irony here is that while the NUC uses a traditional "desktop" chip, the portable AIOs that Graff identified as the future of the desktop PC do not. In fact, theA Lenovo Flex 20 spec sheet reveals an Intel i3-4010U inside--a mobile chip. Which says something.

PC gamers know that the traditional tower configuration hasn't gone away. But for everyone else, the "desktop" PC is becoming smaller, more portable--and, eventually, more mobile.

Eventually, the NUC could be reshaped into a form factor similar to that of the modular ICE xPC (although Intel hasn't said it would do so). Within a few years, consumers could choose between systems that use either a more powerful "desktop" processor or a lower-power mobile chip--and slide either into a backpack.

This story, "The future of the desktop is a tabletop" was originally published by PCWorld.

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