The word "Luddite" is often used to sneer at people who we see as stopping the march of progress. The story that most people know is that 19th century British weavers, fearful of being replaced by machines, attacked mechanical looms in a doomed attempt to keep progress at bay.
In fact, the story is more complex than that. Most of the Luddites were actually skilled machine operators, and their main worry was that they were going to be replaced with less-skilled workers in violation of existing agreements with employers. In other words, it was a labor dispute, albeit a violent one, and it ended as the two sides came to a grudging consensus. Only in retrospect was this a story about technology.