Certified as an Arduino open source development board, the Intel Galileo Gen 2 is based on Intel’s Quark SoC X1000 processor and a Pentium instruction set. It's geared toward makers, educators, and DIY enthusiasts, and it's expected to retail for around $60. It can be programmed using the Arduino IDE via Mac OS, Windows, or Linux. Galileo Gen 2 itself runs Linux.
“Intel Galileo is a great tool for quickly prototyping simple interactive designs, such as LED light displays that respond to social media or for tackling more complex projects, from automating home appliances to building life-size robots controlled by a smartphone,” according to Michael Bell, a vice president in Intel’s new devices group. Standard I/O interfaces are supported, such as PCI, Ethernet, and USB.