Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
this year got $62 million to develop, in conjunction with the existing Energy Sciences Network (ESnet), a prototype 100Gbps Ethernet network to connect Department of Energy supercomputers. While the applications that could benefit from so much bandwidth are many, the study of global climate change could hit the jackpot. For example, a huge archive of climate modeling data at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory contains more than 35 terabytes of data and is accessed by more than 2,500 users worldwide. However, as interest in this data grows, the next-generation archive is expected to contain at least 650 terabytes, and the larger distributed worldwide archive will be 6 petabytes to 10 petabytes.