Website hacks are more than outages.
In the early days of DDoS, attacks were largely orchestrated opportunistically, for the “lulz,” or for political and ideological statements, where attackers took down websites to silence their points of view. Businesses and government organizations continue to see this type of denied freedom of expression, such as the outages to Russian media sites covering the conflict with Ukraine; however, DDoS attacks have evolved to be part of schemes that are more complex as well. Hackers now use DDoS attacks in conjunction with other malicious vectors, such as distracting IT teams to find user credentials, which can be used to control company systems or secure customer billing information for monetary gain. Furthermore, attacks via domain name servers (DNS) cause hackers to spoof IP addresses, which can cause the victim’s site URL to be hijacked, redirecting visitors to malicious or fake sites, which Malaysia Airlines recently suffered.