Nearly 340 million people who run Microsoft's Internet Explorer have just a week to upgrade or switch browsers, or face a shutoff of the security patch spigot.
On Jan. 12, Microsoft will serve up the final security updates for all instances of Internet Explorer 7 (IE7) and IE8 and for most of the copies of IE9 and IE10 now on customers' PCs.
That's the deadline Microsoft set a year and a half ago, when it unexpectedly announced that most users would have to be running IE11 by that date. After Jan. 12, Microsoft will support IE9 only on the rarely used Windows Vista and Windows Server 2008, and IE10 only on Windows Server 2012. Everyone else must be running IE11 or Edge to continue to receive security updates and technical support.
According to data released Friday by analytics company Net Applications, in December, 42.5% of all IE users ran an outdated-in-eight-days version of the browser. That percentage of the IE customer base represented an estimated 339.2 million users when Microsoft's oft-touted number of 1.5 billion Windows devices worldwide was used in Computerworld's calculation.
The upgrade-or-switch requirement seemed to finally sink in -- but not in a good way for Microsoft -- as its browser lost a significant amount of user share in December. By Net Applications' numbers, IE shed 1.5 percentage points of user share, the most it had lost in a single month in more than four years.
IE's user-share decline dropped it under the 50% mark for the first time in Net Applications' tracking; the browser ended December with 48.6%. While IE remained the most-used browser -- Google's Chrome, with 32.3%, retained the second-place spot -- IE lost its majority.
That's been a trend since Microsoft told users they had to upgrade to IE11. By demanding that users switch from, say, IE8 to IE11, Microsoft in effect motivated customers to download and run a rival browser, since people had to change in any case. The mandate has been disastrous for IE, as it has plummeted 9.9 percentage points, representing 17% of its pre-announcement share, since Microsoft broke the news, and its promise to support various versions of the browser for at least a decade.
Chrome has been the beneficiary of Microsoft's decree, gaining nine-tenths of a percentage point of user share in December, 9.7 points in the last 12 months, and a mammoth 12.7 points since the August 2014 command to upgrade or else. About three-fourths of Chrome's increase since mid-2014 has come at the expense of IE, with the remainder due to deserters from Mozilla's Firefox.
Of the 340 million users who ran an IE on the chopping block, 147 million, or about one in four, used IE8 in December. That aged browser, introduced in early 2009 and once the default for Windows 7, lost 1.5 percentage points of user share last month, falling to 9%, the first time it had been under the 10% bar since May 2009.
IE8 has been particularly stubborn about vanishing, in part because it was the last Microsoft browser to run on Windows XP, the even-more-elderly OS that the Redmond, Wash., company retired nearly two years ago. Amazingly, Windows XP powered about 12% of all Windows PCs last month.
Due to the IE8-XP connection, that browser remained popular in the workplace because it ran on both XP and Windows 7, an important consideration to enterprises, which were in the midst of migrating from the former to the latter in the 2012-2014 stretch.
Other still-prominent editions of IE in December included IE9 (with an estimated 110 million users) and IE10 (69 million).
Meanwhile, Microsoft's Edge, the default browser in Windows 10, carried just 37 million on its rolls in December, a decline from 46 million the month before. According to Net Applications' data, only 23% of Windows 10 users ran Edge in the final month of 2015, a dramatic drop from the month prior, but in sync with the overall declining-share narrative of the new browser.
This story, "Last chance to upgrade IE or switch browsers as Microsoft's mandate looms" was originally published by Computerworld.