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IOS FTP, which comes disabled by default in IOS, is used to upload IOS software images and other software to routers and switches remotely. However, Cisco says attackers could exploit a vulnerability in the FTP server to gain access to the file system of an IOS-based router or switch and affect configuration settings.
“Unauthorized users could retrieve the device's startup-config file from the filesystem,” Cisco says. “This file may contain information that could allow the attacker to gain escalated privileges.”
Cisco is offering customers software fixes with the FTP server removed from IOS.
In the meantime, Cisco says users should shut down IOS FTP if they are running the server on an affected system. (The command to do this is “no ftp-server enable”.) The company says users can upload software to IOS devices through other methods, such as the “Secure Copy” feature in the software. Users can also set up access control lists to restrict FTP access to a router or switch, Cisco adds.
The affected IOS versions are: 11.3, 12.0, 12.1, 12.2, 12.3 and 12.4. Cisco’s IOS XR is not vulnerable, and non-IOS Cisco devices are also safe. Cisco says it will remove the FTP feature in IOS because of this, and other past issues with the code. The company says it may add a secure FTP server to IOS in the future.
Read more about security in Network World's Security section.