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Network World - The newest versions of the Ubuntu Linux open source operating system will debut Thursday with features designed to match the capabilities of more well-known systems, including improved security, virtualization and management capabilities for servers.
New features in Desktop Edition include: plug-and-play functionality for configuring printers; desktop search for files, folders or photos; available 3-D graphics and other screen effects; automatic installation of Firefox plug-ins; and improved compatibility with Windows operating systems.
New features of Server Edition include: enhanced security, including default protection for Apache and Postfix server applications; more virtualization capabilities, including a tailored Linux kernel designed for managing virtual appliances; and quick-start profiles supporting easier e-mail, print and database server setup. The operating system can be deployed as either a guest or host operating system in virtualized environments.
The new features of 7.10, “while not revolutionary, make Ubuntu a viable option in markets where it was not previously,” says Stephen O’Grady, an analyst with the research firm RedMonk.
Desktop Linux operating systems have a reputation for being “primitive and barely adequate,” O’Grady says, but the 3-D feature in version 7.10 gives Ubuntu the opportunity to “match the eye candy” of commercial desktop operating systems, such as Microsoft’s Windows Vista and Apple’s OS X.
And like other Linux providers, Canonical hopes to win agreements from hardware manufacturers to install Ubuntu on servers or desktop computers. Dell announced in May plans to install Ubuntu on two of its desktops and one of its laptop models, and possibly on Dell servers, according to a report not confirmed by Dell.
Ubuntu 7.10 will be available as a free download regardless of whether it’s for community or commercial use, Canonical stated in a news release. Canonical releases an updated version of Ubuntu every six months with free upgrades and maintenance for 18 months. However, for large installations that require service-level guarantees, support is a commercial offering. Also, long-term support of three years on desktops and five years on servers, is not available on version 7.10, but will be on the next Ubuntu release in 2008.
Canonical is also releasing 7.10 versions of Ubuntu derivatives, including Kubuntu, which bundles Ubuntu with the K Desktop Environment; Edubuntu for the educational community; Gobunto for test and development; and Xubuntu for older computers that don’t meet the minimum specifications for running Ubuntu.
Read more about software in Network World's Software section.