Java, of course, is an object-oriented language developed by Sun. The language was originally developed to be small and portable, with set-top boxes and handheld devices as the original targeted platforms. It is similar in constructs to C++; however, its compilation into machine independent bytecodes rather than native machine code gave rise to its promise of write-once, run-anywhere status. The language predated the Web, but it soon became apparent that its portability virtues made it well suited for the Internet.
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