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This chapter discusses the following:
Internet evolution and the need for IPv6: This section focuses on the existing solutions that extend the life of the Internet and the advantages that IPv6 provides over other solutions. This section also outlines the IPv6 market drivers and the frequently asked questions/concerns about IPv6.
IPv6 in the IETF: As IPv6 goes mainstream, it is important for the standards bodies like IETF to standardize on these capabilities, which can be adopted across all network and computing devices.
Enterprise IPv6 deployment status: While many enterprises are looking to enable IPv6 or establish plans for the deployment of IPv6, some of the enterprise verticals such as Retail, Manufacturing, Web 2.0 and Enterprise IT organizations are leading the adoption both by enabling network and computing devices to support IPv6 and also enabling their business applications over IPv6.
The Internet has evolved from an internal distributed computing system used by the U.S. Department of Defense to a medium that enables enterprise business to be innovative and more productive in providing goods and services to its global customers. The Internet Protocol Suite (TCP/IP) is the underlying technology used to enable this communication.
Although the Internet has no centralized governance, it does have overarching organizations that help implement and maintain policy and operation of key Internet elements such as the IP address space and the Domain Name System (DNS). These critical elements are maintained and managed by the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN), which operates the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA). ICANN/IANA assigns unique identifiers for use on the Internet, which include domain names, Internet Protocol (IP) addresses, and application port numbers.
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The Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) (http://www.ietf.org), a nonprofit organization, standardizes the core protocols based on the technical expertise of loosely affiliated international participants. These protocols are used in all products that provide network connectivity, and individual product manufacturers provide a user interface to configure and use these protocols.
The IETF evaluated the growth of the Internet protocol with emphasis on addressing. The organization evaluated the following:
The next sections describe in more detail some of the issues surrounding IPv4 address exhaustion and options developed as temporary workarounds. You then learn how this lead the IETF to develop IPv6.