Using e-mail safely and well

In recent columns, I've been posting notes for public discussions on topics of Internet safety and appropriate behavior held at the Brown Public Library in Northfield, Vt. Today's column is the one-pager I distributed at the second of the discussions, which dealt with a few key points about using e-mail effectively and safely. Many of the points were drawn from articles originally published in this column over several years and collected in "Using E-mail Safely and Well" which is freely available for distribution (but not for re-posting on public Web sites).

Socializing safely via the Internet

I hope that readers will find the suggested discussion topics useful in their families, offices and

1. If you are writing professionally using e-mail, apply the same standards of content and style that you would in any other professional communication.

2. If you use formatted e-mail (HTML-formatted messages), you cannot count on having the received message look exactly like the message you sent: fonts, sizes and layout may vary by recipient. If you want complete control over appearance, send an Acrobat PDF file.

3. Do not use REPLY ALL as your default method of replying to mail; use REPLY so your reply goes only to the sender unless you specifically want to reach everyone on the visible distribution lists in the TO and CC fields.

4. Don't put a distribution list into the TO or CC fields unless everyone in those fields should receive a reply from anyone who hits REPLY ALL. Instead, use BCC to conceal the distribution list unless you specifically want it to be known to all recipients.

5. Don't REPLY ALL to a previous message as a quick way of generating a new message, especially if you have confidential information in your text – you may reach people you don't want to reach! Instead, learn to use the mailing list functions of your e-mail software and choose the exact list of recipients appropriate for each message.

6. Don't put crucial information into the middle of an e-mail message with other topics. Put action items or other important information into e-mail with one topic per message.

7. Use clear, descriptive subject lines for every e-mail message. In particular, don't put new topics in the REPLY to an old message stream.

8. Do not open e-mail messages from complete strangers unless you are a public figure.

9. Do not open attachments from anyone unless you are expecting them; if you are in doubt when you receive a cryptic message from someone you know that has an attachment, ask them if they actually sent it and what it is.

10. Discard all messages that warn you of terrible things but have no specific date or source, that urge you to send them to everyone you know, or which promise you money for nothing.

11. Delete all messages from strangers which ask you for help supposedly from people who have stolen large amounts of money and want to share it with you or which tell you that you have won lotteries (it is illegal in the USA to participate in overseas lotteries!). These are all scams.

12. Do not forward warnings about anything – especially warnings about stuff you don't have any technical knowledge about – unless you personally take the responsibility to check the accuracy of the information; e.g., look up the keywords on snopes.com before even thinking of hitting FORWARD. Do not send virus warnings to anyone, ever: it's not your business and such warnings are useless.

13. Install a well-known antivirus package on your system and pay the annual license fee to keep it current. Let it update itself as often as it wants – daily is good, hourly is better. Schedule a full system scan at least once a week and be sure that the product checks all files every time they are opened.

14. If you do forward a message, delete the useless FROM: TO: SUBJECT: headers so that your recipients won't have to wade through pages of junk before they get to the information you found interesting, funny or useful.

For improving awareness among employees and for inclusion in video collections of libraries, I recommend the Commonwealth Films videos, "The Plugged-In Mailbox"  which are also reviewed on my Web site.

Anyone interested in using these notes verbatim or with modifications should feel free to do so without having to ask me for permission; I'm delighted to make all my teaching materials freely available to anyone provided that they are neither posted on a public Web site nor sold.

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Some other useful references from M. E. Kabay's Web site:

Stopping Chain Letters and Hoaxes on the Internet. 

Cyber-Safety for Everyone: From Kids to Elders

Learn more about this topic

Socializing safely via the Internet

Integrating cyberspace into our moral universe

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