Chapter 3: Planning Redundancy and Scaling the SharePoint Environment


Any enterprise platform needs to be able to adjust, grow, and scale out to fit the needs of a changing organization. SharePoint is no exception to this rule, and the creators focused on the ability to scale certain components within SharePoint to be able to adjust to the unique conditions that exist in various environments. For small organizations in need of simply document management and team sharing, Windows SharePoint Services (WSS) offers a rich set of easily deployed capabilities. For larger or growing organizations, the full Microsoft Office SharePoint Server product allows for the centralization of information and the distribution of knowledge.

This chapter focuses on techniques and information necessary to scale a SharePoint implementation to organizations of varying sizes. Specific components that can be scaled are described and contrasted. High-redundancy options such as clustering and Network Load Balancing for SharePoint and SharePoint's SQL Databases are outlined. In addition, examples of scalability in organizations of different sizes are presented.

Understanding Scalability for SharePoint

The first step in scaling a SharePoint environment is to understand the level of usage it will receive, both presently and in the future. After the level of usage is determined, understanding which specific components can be extended is vital to structuring the system to match the desired user load. The key is to match SharePoint functionality to the specific identified need.

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