How the Internet of Things can help protect both our safety and right to free speech

IoT solutions can help protect democracy and protesters against being run over.

activist rally
Photo by Jerry Kiesewetter on Unsplash

Is it acceptable for someone to run over peaceful protesters? When new regulations being proposed say it is, perhaps it’s time for technologists to see how they can help.

Given recent tragedies, how can peaceful protesters be protected? How can technology help protect lives? Could a portable, IoT system help safeguard freedom of speech?

Background

The First Amendment is clear. “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances.”

Martin Luther King led The Great March on Washington in 1963. The purpose of the march was to advocate for civil and economic rights for African Americans. At the march, Martin Luther King Jr., standing in front of the Lincoln Memorial, delivered his historic “I Have a Dream” speech in which he called for an end to racism. None of the protesters was run over by a car.

Legislation

A Rhode Island bill proposes that a “provide that a person driving an automobile who is exercising due care and injures another person who is participating in a protest or demonstration and is blocking traffic in a public right-of-way shall be immune from civil liability for such injury.” This perspective is even shared in the news and by some politicians.

Given recent events, it is frightening to think of the injuries and deaths that may be caused. Duane Clinker was on many picket lines, in many tense situations. He’s seen picketers hit by cars. He’s seen guns drawn. “It’s very important,” said Clinker, “not just to not have a chilling effect on free speech, but to not have permission, in effect, on using a two thousand or three thousand pound object to hit somebody.”

IoT-based protection for protesters

What’s needed is a portable system that can be easily set up, detect dangerous vehicles and immediately alert protesters so they can get out of harm’s way.

Magnetic sensors are a good candidate for detecting vehicles as most vehicles have significant amounts of metals in their chassis. They detect cars and their speed by changes in the earth’s magnetic field above the sensor. Honeywell offers a wide range of such sensors.

Light based sensors use cameras to capture texture, color and contrast information to detect oncoming vehicles. Light Detection And Ranging (LiDAR) sensors such as those from NXP measure the distance to an object by calculating the time taken by a pulse of light to travel to an object and back to the sensor.

Mobile app

WalkSafe is an Android app developed by researchers at Dartmouth College and the University of Bologna in Italy. It uses the smartphone’s camera to detect oncoming traffic with machine-learning and image-recognition algorithms to identify the fronts and backs of vehicles. It takes into account varying light conditions, phone tilt, and blur. When detects a car approaching at 30 miles per hour or faster, the app vibrates the phone and makes a sound to alert the distracted user. The Smartphone Sensing Group offers more details on this approach.

Alerting pedestrians

A solution requires two components: a means to detect an oncoming vehicle and the capacity to alert a large number of protesters. An interesting approach developed by FabLab in a different context shows how this could be done. It uses SMS alerts to notify villagers about flash floods upstream. In a similar manner protesters would subscribe to a safety alert from a sensor that detects vehicles that might injure or kill them.

Such a solution could also be used to protect pedestrians against  the scourge of terrorist attacks with vehicles against innocent civilians such as those recently in Barcelona, Nice and London.

It’s vital to prevent free speech and protesters from being run over. IoT offers the building blocks, but someone has to put them together into an affordable solution.

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