Internet throughput issues, prevalent in many homes, may become a thing of the past thanks to a new and inexpensive invention that copies how major internet networks perform data links between cities and countries.\nScientists at University College London (UCL) say they\u2019ve figured out how to bring down the cost of highly efficient optical transceivers so that they can be installed en masse around consumer environments.\n\nThe receiver technology, when fully developed, will be able to provide a consistent 10,000 Mbps connection to homes and small businesses by removing a choke point that exists now at the point where fiber subscribers are connected to the ISP, the researchers claim. Average all fixed-line, download speeds in the U.S. are currently only 64 Mbps in comparison, according to a Speedtest study. Optimization should be able to increase that, though.\nIn an article on the school's website, lead researcher Dr. Sezer Erk\u0131l\u0131n\u00e7 (UCL Electronic & Electrical Engineering) says we are likely to experience bandwidth restrictions because of increased multimedia use and projected 5G and smart device growth that will strangulate available internet further.\u00a0\n\u201cOur new optical receiver technology will help combat this problem,\u201d Erk\u0131l\u0131n\u00e7 says.\nHow the optical receiver technology works\nThe invention functions similarly to coherent optical receivers in large-scale fiber networks, the researchers say. Those expensive tools create different wavelengths, actually colors in the core optical pipe. That isolation delivers consistent bandwidth to the customer.\nProviding dedicated wavelengths in that way limits bandwidth sharing and one gets what one pays for.\nThe problem with coherent optical receivers, though, is they\u2019re traditionally expensive to implement. That\u2019s why there\u2019s currently a lack of adoption at the consumer level ISP, and it\u2019s why one can experience internet \u201crush hour.\u201d That\u2019s where speeds drop by up to 30 percent at peak times, U.K.-based Erk\u0131l\u0131n\u00e7 explains. Everybody is sharing bandwidth.\nThe complexity and cost of a coherent system (based on those core large-scale, city-to-city and country-to country-style networks) \u201climits the support of multi-gibabit-per-second broadband rates available to subscribers,\u201d fellow scientist Professor Polina Bayvel says in the article. In other words, you can\u2019t have consistent faster speeds; it\u2019s too expensive.\nCoding breakthrough\nThe team\u2019s cheaper variant \u2014 which uses a quarter of the detectors used in the full-scale coherent receiver \u2014 gains its advantage partly through a coding breakthrough that the scientists claim to have made. It riffs on a system that\u2019s been used to prevent fading in wireless communications.\nAdditionally, the team\u2019s potentially knock-down-price coherent receiver uses the same pipe for upstream and downstream transmissions. That creates gains, too. However, the necessary unique wavelengths provide the true allocated bandwidth. When multiple users are online, congestion is avoided.\nThe UCL researchers have tested the technology in the U.K. (where average speeds are worse than in the U.S., at 36 Mbps, according to the university) and reckon they can send data to multiple users at 10 Gbps. That\u2019s 30 times faster than the fastest available broadband in Britain, they say. The next step will be figuring how to reduce electricity consumption. The setup is power-hungry.\n\u201cCurrent technology will be unable to support future broadband demands,\u201d the team writes in their paper, which was published by Nature. The \u201cprimitive signaling scheme used [by fiber networks now] diminishes the bandwidth available.\u201d\nOur \u201csimple receiver offers users a dedicated wavelength, so user speeds stay constant no matter how many users are online at once,\u201d Erk\u0131l\u0131n\u00e7 says.