What is a smart city? The answer depends on whom you ask.\nSolutions providers will tell you it\u2019s smart parking, smart lighting or anything to do with technology. City officials may tell you it\u2019s about conducting city business online, such as searching records or applying for permits. City residents may tell you it\u2019s the ease of getting around, or about crime reduction.\nEveryone is right. A smart city, built properly, will have different value for different stakeholders. They may not even think of their city as a \u201csmart\u201d city. They know it only as a place they want to live in, work in, and be a part of.\nTechnology is top of mind in the smart city. But it is just one layer of many in the smart city ecosystem. Each layer has a different but equally important role. No one layer is more relevant than another. For example, technology \u201cpowers\u201d the smart city, but it is data that leads to insights and new services. However, to create relevant services, cities must be able to innovate the right solutions. To get the right outcomes that matter consistently and at scale, civic leaders must establish sensible technology and data policies. Finally, savvy cities use public private partnerships (PPP) to maximize their resources, go faster and scale effectively.\nA new generation of community and technology leaders, managers and solutions providers is needed to build the smart city ecosystem. These architects think broadly and work across layers. They operate in the intersection of technology, innovation, business, operations, strategy and people. This is the \u201cno man\u2019s\u201d land where traditional boundaries, processes, policies and rules fail. This is where the hardest problems are. And this is where the real smart city begins.\nIn building the cities of tomorrow, these smart city ecosystem architects must focus on these eight areas:\n1. Break silos and build bridges\nA sustainable and well-functioning smart city is a tight orchestration of people, processes, policies and technologies working together across the entire smart city ecosystem. These architects unify teams across municipal departments. They build bridges to connect public and private organizations within the ecosystem. They build consensus to co-create the new city.\n2. Focus on outcomes that matter\nA smart city is not about technology, but about using technology together with the various ecosystem layers to create the results residents, businesses, municipal organizations and visitors care about. These results, or outcomes, are aligned around the needs of the city - government efficiency, sustainability, health and wellness, mobility, economic development, public safety and quality of life.\n3. Engage a broader community of innovators\nWithin the smart city, innovation and value creation comes not only from municipal agencies, but, from businesses, communities (business districts, \u201csmart\u201d buildings, housing complexes), and individual residents. Smart city ecosystem architects unify the various layers to enable, incentivize, facilitate and scale this larger community to co-create the smart city together.\n4. Develop mastery in policymaking and partnerships\nPolicies and partnerships are the catalysts of the smart city. They augment and amplify limited city resources and capabilities, scale faster, while minimizing risk. Effective smart city ecosystem architects unite the needs of policymakers, technologists and innovators to create sensible policies that create the right outcomes. They proactively seek out public and private collaborators and build sustainable and synergistic partnerships.\n5. Enable \u201ccity data,\u201d not open data\nData is the lifeblood of the smart city. Open data, generated by municipal organizations, is only one source of data. When supplemented with data created by businesses and private citizens, it yields richer insights and better outcomes. Smart city ecosystem architects utilize the full extent of the ecosystem to create \u201ccity data\u201d. They plan and build data marketplaces, robust data sharing and privacy policies, data analytics skills, and monetization models that facilitate the sourcing and usage of \u201ccity data\u201d.\n6. Manage connectivity as a strategic capability\nWhile connectivity is mission critical, today\u2019s smart city ecosystem architects are faced with several challenges - unequal access to basic connectivity, inadequacy of existing services, and a confusing array of emerging LPWAN options. In the smart city, connectivity is not an option nor is it someone else\u2019s problem to solve. Smart city architects must lead with new policies and public private partnerships. They must develop new innovative investment strategies, and create new connectivity ecosystems with city owned, service provider owned, and community owned infrastructure.\n7. Modernize the infrastructure\nToday\u2019s smart city infrastructure is a hodge-podge of legacy systems, purpose built departmental technology and smart city point solutions. Cities must modernize their digital infrastructure, while expanding integration to the broader external ecosystem. Cyber-security and technology policies, processes and systems must be revised to be smart city centric, not IT centric. Digital skills, from data analytics, machine learning to software engineering, must be the new competencies of the smart city.\n8. Build trust into the smart city\nThe smart city is only as smart as the trust its stakeholders have in it. Right from the start, smart city architects must design in trust across the entire ecosystem. The technology infrastructure must be secure. Information collected must be protected and used in accordance with its owners\u2019 wishes. Policies, legislation and technology must be continuously aligned to maintain the right balance of protection, privacy, transparency, and utility.\nTomorrow\u2019s cities are built by smart city ecosystem architects today. To be effective, these architects must expand their perspectives, assume new roles, and work strategically, to build a new sustainable smart city.