TSMC, Robert Bosch, Infineon and NXP will partner to form a new firm, the European Semiconductor Manufacturing Company, and open a nearly $11 billion chipmaking facility in Germany.\nESMC, as the company will be known, will be aimed at providing necessary silicon for the automotive and industrial sectors, according to a statement issued Tuesday. The planned facility, which will be located in Dresden, will be able to produce 40,000 300mm silicon wafers per month, with each wafer able to produce hundreds of chips, depending on their specific design.\nThe facility will use TSMC\u2019s 28\/22nm planar CMOS technology for larger semiconductor nodes, as well as 16\/12 FinFET process for smaller ones. CMOS stands for complementary metal-oxide semiconductor, and is an older and more established fabrication technique, whereas FinFET, or fin field-effect transistor, enables the production of faster and more advanced processors.\nThe companies said that they expect the new plant to create 2,000 new high-tech jobs. Construction is set to begin in the second half of 2024, with production coming on line in 2027.\nTSMC will own the lion\u2019s share of the company (70%), with the other three companies each holding 10% equity stakes. The initial funding for the company will come from the four contributor firms, borrowing, and \u201cstrong support\u201d from the EU and German governments. It\u2019s unclear whether funding from the EU Chips Act will be contributed to the project, and representatives for the founding companies could not be reached immediately.\nUS-China trade war sparks chip making in West\nWestern governments, including those of the EU and its member states, have been hurrying to spur semiconductor manufacturing capacity in their own countries, thanks to the US-Chinese trade war creating problems for silicon imports, most of which currently come from East Asia.\nA report from McKinsey, published in January, found that between $223 billion and $260 billion has been committed to semiconductor foundry projects in the US alone as a result of the trade war. TSMC, for its part, has broken ground on a silicon plant in Arizona already.\nTSMC\u2019s chairman, Mark Liu, told the New York Times earlier this month that the decision to locate chip foundries in the West dates back to 2018.\n\u201dI thought maybe it\u2019s time for TSMC to go a little bit global, because I know our technology is leading today, but what about in the future?\u201d he told the Times.\nThe company\u2019s partners in the Dresden facility stressed the benefits to the EU\u2019s supply chain that would result from the new production facility\u2019s opening.\n\u201cApart from continuously expanding our own manufacturing facilities, we further secure our supply chains as an automotive supplier through close cooperation with our partners,\u201d said Robert Bosch board chairman Stefan Hartung, in the statement.