Global trade flows through shipping containers. Manufacturers depend on them to get raw materials in time and to ship finished products to market. IoT is being applied to monitor containers and make sure that their contents aren\u2019t damaged or stolen.\nInter-modal containers\nContainers have standardized dimensions, which lets transporters easily ship, stack and store them. There are over twenty million containers in motion right now. Containers are pre-filled which reduces the time that trucks need to get loaded. Their standard size allows them to be easily transferred between trucks, planes, ships and trains.\nGlobal supply chains based on containers enable manufacturers to minimize their costs with \u2018just-in-time\u2019 inventory. This makes it important to track containers\u2019 location and the condition of their contents.\nThe smart container\nContainers are made of steel and stacked several deep making communications a challenge. LoRa and WiFi are used for shipboard communication with sensors. Container sensors monitor several parameters:\n\nMonitoring the light and humidity as it harms the contents\nDoor sensors to track where and when the container was opened and closed\nAcoustic sensors to detect possible motion or theft in the container\nLocation and altitude sensors to track a containers precise location\n\nA local server first processes sensor data and sends key data to onshore facilities via satellite services such as Inmarsat.\nContinuous monitoring of containers enables port facilities to better plan for incoming shipments, storage and onward distribution.\nPilot project\nContainer 42 is\u00a0a smart, connected container proof of to demonstrate\u00a0the possible\u00a0innovations that are now\u00a0available through IoT and GIS. It is a joint endeavor between the Port of Rotterdam Authority, IBM, Cisco, Esri and Axians. A\u00a0standard\u00a0container that has been outfitted with sensors and cameras has left the Port of Rotterdam on a two-year\u00a0multi-modal\u00a0journey by ships, trains and trucks to\u00a0raise awareness on new ways to drive out supply chain inefficiencies and reduce pollution attributed to global shipping.\nGeographic Information System (GIS) enabled IoT\nTransparency is critical in today\u2019s connected, global supply chain as product and service demands increase across every geography and sector. Esri a leader in location intelligence solutions, delivers the GIS framework for Container 42. Based on the science of geography, GIS integrates many types of data and delivers insight on the transportation lifecycle to support data-driven decisions that contribute to higher performing supply networks while reducing shipping related pollution.Esri\u2019s GIS technology enables producers, shippers, distributors and buyers to connect their entire supply network to better understand where its resources and products are everywhere in the supply chain \u2013where they come from and, staying connected, what happens in near real time whether by sea, rail or road. Organizations can understand where assets are located (products, trucks, trains, containers), where they\u2019ve been, what they are exposed to, and when compromises happen (contaminants, defects, conflicts, thefts) they can roll back to the origin of the fault for quicker remediation.\nSecurity\nThe container is fitted with high-end Imbema lock that makes it easy to check when, where and by whom the container has been opened. The lock also makes it possible to personalize or block access to the container. With the help of geo-fencing, it is even possible to open the lock only at set locations (such as at customs).\nPower\nThe roof of the container is mounted with HyET Solar Powerfoil which provides power to the battery system that powers the sensors. It ensures a steady supply of power during transit, so the batteries are continually charged and maintain power supply to in-container systems.\nBatteries\nContainers take long trips in harsh conditions. A safe and sustainable storage solution is needed. The container has lead crystal batteries from Betta Batteries that use a crystalized electrolyte. It provides the safety of gel batteries, price of a lead-acid batteries, and performance of Lithium batteries.\nTracking\nEsri technology is used to locate, track, map, and provide contextual geographic information. It\u00a0brings real-time data integration and spatial analytics with map visualization, agile developer tools for web and mobile application development, along with a global library of geographic, demographic, and business data.\nLogistics\nIntel\u2019s Connected Logistics Platform provides near real-time supply chain visibility. It monitors the location, quality, and integrity of cargo at every stage of the supply chain, around the world. Companies, use this data to mitigate risk, improve operational efficiencies and reduce supply chain costs.\nPorts\nThe Port of Rotterdam processes 470 million ton of goods and handles 30,000 ships and 120,000 inland vessels every year. It uses an IoT platform to collect and process data from sensors installed throughout the port area. This provides real-time information on the local infrastructure, water and air quality. Digitizing containers enables the port to offer even safer and faster services.\nCommunications\nCisco\u2019s E-LAN, industrial routers provide Kinetic (Cloud) Services. It connects the Port\u2019s sensor data and synthesizes it to automate port operations.\u00a0 and\nOperations\nStreamlined processing of containers require automated ports and smart ships that interact through digital handshakes. This project uses AWAKE.AI to optimize operations.\nMonitoring\nContainer 42 is mounted with an array of sensors that continuously transmit its condition and location to a central dashboard that you can view at www.weare42.io.\n We Are 42 \nThe efficiency of global supply chains is improving with IoT enabled containers. This will increase further with autonomous ships and automated ports.