With advances in chip technology, it\u2019s becoming more difficult for Intel to keep up with Moore\u2019s Law, but the company\u2019s CEO says that remains the key baseline when it comes to adding performance and functionality to its processors.\n\n\n\u201cOur job at Intel is to make sure it lives on as long as possible,\u201d Brian Krzanich said during a keynote at the Intel investor meeting in Santa Clara, California, Thursday.\n\n\nNext year marks the 50th year anniversary of Moore\u2019s Law, and Intel is planning to mark the event, Krzanich said.\n\n\nMoore\u2019s Law is based on an observation by Gordon Moore, who co-founded Intel in 1968, that the number of transistors that can be placed on silicon will double every two years, making it possible to improve chip performance and add new functionality. Intel has used Moore\u2019s Law, which was offered in a 1965 paper, as a baseline to pack more transistors onto chips, and reduce their size and cost.\n\n\nBut with chips shrinking to the atomic level, engineers and scientists have declared that Moore\u2019s Law has reached its last stages. Intel at the investor conference said it has packed more performance and power savings into its latest chips while achieving cost savings in line with Moore\u2019s Law, though production and design issues caused it to veer off the path.\n\n\nIntel usually releases new chips every year and implements new manufacturing processes every two years. But the company has had trouble making chips using the 14-nanometer process, which is the most advanced in the industry. It took Intel two and a half years to get the full benefits of the 14-nanometer process.\n\n\nThe first chips based on the 14-nm process shipped earlier this year, but yields are just starting to reach Intel\u2019s projected expectations, compared to the previous 22-nanometer process, said Bill Holt, executive vice president and general manager of Intel\u2019s Technology and Manufacturing Group.\n\n\nProduction of the first 14-nanometer chips code-named Broadwell is in a \u201chealthy range,\u201d though hasn\u2019t yet recovered after initial lapses, Holt said, adding that yields will reach 22-nm levels by early 2015, Holt said.\n\n\n\u201cOur 22-nanometer technology is the highest yielding technology we\u2019ve ever had. The bar that we\u2019re trying to catch up to there is very high,\u201d Holt said. \u201cThat\u2019s essential, because if you\u2019re going to get cost reduction [you] have to match those other parameters of your previous generation.\u201d\n\n\nBut yields are still not normal for Intel, which is known for its timely execution. Problems with Broadwell production have led to delays in the release of laptops and tablets. The first Broadwell-based tablets and hybrids have just started appearing on store shelves and will be in mainstream laptops early next year.\n\n\nIntel is also trying to move on from its initial struggles with 14-nm and is looking forward. The company brushed Broadwell aside at the recent Intel Developer Forum and promoted its next-generation architecture called Skylake, which will also be made using the 14-nm process, with features for wire-free computing and better graphics.\n\n\nMarket needs have defined Intel\u2019s manufacturing priorities. With the PC market weakening, Intel is churning out more mobile chips in which power consumption remains a priority over performance. That has changed the way Intel has built processors, with the company adopting a system-on-chip approach where a number of processing and wireless modules are integrated in one chipset.\n\n\nKrzanich said Intel still wants cutting-edge transistors, but depending on priorities, Moore\u2019s Law could be achieved using multiple paths. Balance needs to be found in cost, performance and power consumption.\n\n\nIntel is approaching Moore\u2019s Law from the economics related to cost-per-transistor, which would come down with scaling. With the 22-nm process, Intel adopted a new chip design in which it started stacking transistors on top of each other. That was enhanced with 14-nm technology, in which chip sizes were made even smaller.\n\n\nIntel was slightly below the trend line on cost reduction with 14-nm process compared to previous manufacturing processes when taking Moore\u2019s Law into account, Holt said.\n\n\nIn terms of chip design, Intel scaled down the transistor fin pitch, and aggressively reduced the scale of the interconnect so all the building blocks on chips fit together in a cohesive way. But it could not achieve aggressive scaling with the gate pitch or SRAM memory cells.\n\n\nBut as Moore\u2019s Law detractors have argued, etching more and more features on smaller chips will get even more challenging. Chips could be vulnerable to a wider range of defects, and a lot more of attention to detail is required when designing and making chips.\n\n\nIntel is looking to implement new technologies like EUV (extreme ultraviolet) lithography, which will help produce chips at smaller geometries. It is also shifting to 450-millimeter wafers so it\u2019s less expensive to make chips. Intel is also researching chip materials that could possibly replace silicon.\n\n\nThe 14-nm process will be succeeded by the 10-nm and the 7-nm processes. Holt did not say when the first chips based on those processes would be released, but Moore\u2019s Law will be applicable.\n\n\n\u201cWe are quite confident we can continue to deliver on the promises of Moore\u2019s Law,\u201d Holt said.