Peer-to-peer exchanges of excess bandwidth could one day be commonplace, says a firm that is attempting to monetize redundant internet capacity. It wants to create a marketplace for selling internet data throughput that has been already bought by organizations, but which is often dormant during out-of-work hours \u2014 the bandwidth is customarily just lying around then, not being used.\nDove Network wants to \u201cdo to the telecom industry what Airbnb did to the hotel industry,\u201d co-founder Douglas Schwartz told me via email.\nThe idea is that those with excess data capacity, such as a well-provisioned office or data center, which may not be using all of its throughput capacity all of the time \u2014 such as during the weekend \u2014 allocates that spare bandwidth to Dove\u2019s network. Passing-by data-users, such as Internet of Things-based sensors or an individual going about business, would then grab the data it, he, or she needs; payment is then handled seamlessly through blockchain smart contracts.\n\n\u201cThe Dove application will find the closest Dove-powered hotspot or peer node, negotiate the package deal, and connect automatically,\u201d the company says in a white paper. Dove Network says it intends to supply a 500-yard-plus-range, blockchain-based wireless router to vendors. It\u2019s also talking about longer-range access points in the future. Both solutions will allow relatively few organizations to sign up, yet still blanket urban areas with hotspots, it says.\nDove Network further says on its website that it believes internet infrastructure is broken. It reckons half of the world is not connected to the internet, yet 35 percent of paid-for data is never used.\n\u201cInternet data is simultaneously one of the most used and most wasted commodities on Earth,\u201d it says.\nHow a peer-to-peer internet exchange would work\nInitially, all kinds of Wi-Fi routers, mobile hotspots, and any Wi-Fi-enabled device could be used to anonymously provide data, the company claims. Its app will allow sellers to fix a price and amounts of bandwidth it wants to get rid of. The app then automatically connects to the person who needs the data and is prepared to pay an agreed rate.\nData users traversing a city, who need to send an email, for example, will be able to open the app and simply click on a button. The app then searches for hotspots and connects seamlessly \u2014 there\u2019s no user input, such as choosing an SSID. An IoT device could have a pre-agreed automatic connection, presumably.\nAmong potential problems Dove Network still has to address, it admits, is how to kick-start growth. It aims to start working with companies first, which it thinks will help it scale quickly. Also, there's the question of whether traditional ISPs or telcos will see peer-to-peer data capacity sales as a threat to their business model. That\u2019s something Dove Network doesn\u2019t know.\nA consumer market launch will occur this year, it says. However, interestingly, a machine-to-machine software developer kit (SDK) launch is planned for around Q4 2019. That IoT SDK will include neural processing artificial intelligence to allow peer-to-peer communications between robots, smart cars, and airplanes. It will be \u201ca society of machines,\u201d Dove Network says.\n\u201cOur network platform will bring the internet to every human and machine on the planet. The decentralized internet is the future,\u201d the company says.