Super Micro Computer, a.k.a. Supermicro, is adding a range of liquid cooling solutions to its server products. Working with customers, Supermicro will design, implement and test the latest liquid cooling technologies at the rack level. Customers who implement liquid cooling can improve data center PUE (power usage effectiveness) and TCO by more than 40% by cutting power costs, the company says.\nThe cooling is for new systems coming to market. Like most OEMs that support liquid cooling, Supermicro isn\u2019t recommending retrofits to existing installations. It cites two reasons: One, it would be expensive, as you\u2019d have to drill into the rack and server chassis to make room for the cooling piping. And two, the entire rack or cluster would have to be inactive while the retrofit was being done, and most firms won\u2019t tolerate that.\n\nLearn more about liquid cooling:\n\nMicrosoft documents its liquid-immersion cooling efforts\nImmersion cooling firm LiquidStack launches as a standalone company\nStartups introduce new liquid cooling designs\nLenovo announces hybrid liquid-cooling system: Neptune\nLenovo doubles down on AMD support, adds liquid GPU cooling\n\n\nThe selected Supermicro systems include not only x86-powered servers but also the latest GPU systems. Supermicro\u2019s SuperBlades, BigTwin, and Ultra systems are designed for demanding workloads and applications like AI, high-performance computing (HPC), and related workloads where high-frequency and densely packed CPUs and GPUs are required.\nSupermicro plans to work closely with customers to determine the best suitable liquid cooling solution mix. Engineers will design the solution based on the types of systems chosen and the data center infrastructure. All or part of a data center can utilize liquid cooling technologies to optimize the operating environment.\nTypes of liquid cooling\nSupermicro is offering three types of cooling: direct to chip (D2C) cooling; immersion cooling; and rear-door heat exchanger (RDHx) cooling. These technologies are available individually or in combination.\nD2C is the most common form of cooling. A copper-based heat plate is attached to the CPU, but instead of a fan blowing on the plate to cool it, cool water is piped in. The water cools the plate, and the hot water is piped out. The water runs through a loop and comes back a lot cooler than it left the processor.\nRDHx involves a water-filled radiator that's placed on the back of a rack, and heat vented out of the server is cooled by passing over the radiator. Server racks using air cooling can generate a lot of heat, and that in turn makes a server room very unpleasant.\nWith immersion cooling, the entire motherboard is submerged in a nonvolatile liquid. Lately, immersion\u00a0seems to be moving in from the fringe to more mainstream use, with Microsoft fully embracing it and a new company, LiquidStack, emerging as a major player in the space. Supermicro\u2019s partner in immersion is Asetek, which has worked with Supermicro in the past on immersion projects.