Four years after Intel first introduced Loihi, the company\u2019s first neuromorphic chip, the company has released its second generation processor, which Intel says will provide faster processing, greater resource density, and improved power efficiency.\nCPUs are often called the brains of the computer but aren\u2019t, really, since they process only a handful of tasks at once in a serial manner, nothing like what the brain does automatically to keep you alive. Neuromorphic computing attempts to replicate the functions of the brain by performing numerous tasks simultaneously, with emphasis on perception and decision making\nNeuromorphic chips mimic neurological functions through computational \u201cneurons\u201d that communicate with one another. The first generation of Loihi chips had around 128,000 of those digital neurons; the Loihi 2 has more than a million.\nIntel states that early tests of Loihi 2 required more than 60 times fewer ops per inference when running deep neural networks compared to Loihi 1, without a loss in accuracy. This can mean real-time application processing, problem-solving, adaptation and learning. It has even learned how to smell.\nLoihi 2 also features faster I\/O interfaces to support Ethernet connections with vision-based sensors and larger meshed networks. This will help the chip better integrate with the robotics and sensors that have been commonly used Loihi 1 in the past.\nLoihi isn\u2019t sold like regular Intel chips. It is sold through complete systems to select members of its Intel Neuromorphic Research Community (INRC). Those systems are called Oheo Gulch, which uses a single Loihi 2 chip and is intended for early evaluation, and Kapoho Point, which offers eight Loihi 2 chips and will be available soon.\nIntel Releases Lava Framework\nTo support development for neuromorphic applications, Intel has also introduced an open, modular, and extensible software framework known as \u201cLava\u201d, which the company says provides the neuromorphic computing community with a common development framework.\nA component of Lava is Magma, an interface for mapping and executing neural-network models and other processes using neuromorphic hardware. Lava also includes offline training, integration with third-party frameworks, Python interfaces and more.\nThe Lava framework is available now on GitHub.