Gartner projects worldwide IT spending will total $3.9 trillion in 2021, an increase of 6.2% over 2020 when spending declined a little over 3%.\nAll IT spending segments\u2014from data-center systems to communications services\u2014are forecast to return to growth in 2021, according to Gartner . Enterprise software is expected to have the strongest rebound, 8.8%, as remote work environments are expanded and improved. The devices segment will see the second highest growth in, 8%, and is projected to reach $705.4 billion.\n\n\u201cCIOs have a balancing act to perform in 2021\u2014saving cash and expanding IT,\u201d said John-David Lovelock, distinguished research vice president at Gartner in a statement. \u201cWith the economy returning to a level of certainty, companies are investing in IT in a manner consistent with their expectations for growth, not their current revenue levels.\u201d\nEnterprises are industrializing remote work for employees as quarantine measures keep employees at home, and budget stabilization allows CIOs to reinvest in assets that were sweated in 2020, Lovelock stated. \u201cAs countries continue remote education through this year, there will be a demand for tablets and laptops for students,\u201d he stated.\nDigital business transformation will be a huge spending driver through 2024, Lovelock stated.\u00a0\n\u201cDigital business represents the dominant technology trend in late 2020 and early 2021 with areas such as cloud computing, core business applications, security and customer experience at the forefront. Optimization initiatives, such as hyperautomation, will continue, and the focus of these projects will remain on returning cash and eliminating work from processes, not just tasks,\u201d said Lovelock.\nThe concept of hyperautomation involves combining machine-learning (ML), packaged-software and automation tools to deliver work, Gartner says. The pandemic has heightened demand with the sudden requirement for everything to be \u201cdigital first.\u201d The backlog of requests from business stakeholders has prompted more than 70% of commercial organizations to undertake dozens of hyperautomation initiatives as a result, Gartner says.\nLovelock stated that companies will be forced to accelerate digital business transformation plans by at least five years to survive in a post-COVID-19 world that involves permanently higher adoption of remote work and digital touchpoints. Gartner forecasts global IT spending related to remote work will total $332.9 billion in 2021, an increase of 4.9% from 2020.\nThe forecast represents a recovery from 2020 predictions. In May, Gartner said that IT spending across the globe was projected to total $3.4 trillion in 2020, a decline of 8% from 2019 due to the impact of COVID-19, and the pandemic will continue to affect IT spending.\n\u201cDigital business represents the dominant technology trend in late 2020 and early 2021 with areas such as cloud computing, core business applications, security and customer experience at the forefront. Optimization initiatives, such as hyperautomation, will continue, and the focus of these projects will remain on returning cash and eliminating work from processes, not just tasks,\u201d Lovelock stated.\n\u201cGreater levels of digitalization of internal processes, supply chain, customer and partner interactions, and service delivery is coming in 2021, enabling IT to transition from supporting the business to being the business. The biggest change this year will be how IT is financed, not necessarily how much IT is financed,\u201d Lovelock stated.